Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition gene database (dbEMT) Home
dbEMT
Pediatric cancer database
General information | Literature | Expression | Regulation | Mutation | Interaction

Basic Information

Gene ID

7227

Name

TRPS1

Synonymous

GC79|LGCR;trichorhinophalangeal syndrome I;TRPS1;trichorhinophalangeal syndrome I

Definition

tricho-rhino-phalangeal syndrome type I protein|zinc finger protein GC79|zinc finger transcription factor Trps1

Position

8q24.12

Gene type

protein-coding

Sentence

Abstract

miR-221/222 targeting of trichorhinophalangeal 1 (TRPS1) promotes epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition in breast cancer.

Compared with the luminal subtype, the basal-like subtype of breast cancer has an aggressive clinical behavior, but the reasons for this difference between the two subtypes are poorly understood. We identified microRNAs (miRNAs) miR-221 and miR-222 (miR-221/222) as basal-like subtype-specific miRNAs that decrease expression of epithelial-specific genes and increase expression of mesenchymal-specific genes. In addition, expression of these miRNAs increased cell migration and invasion, which collectively are characteristics of the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). The basal-like transcription factor FOSL1 (also known as Fra-1) directly stimulated the transcription of miR-221/222, and the abundance of these miRNAs decreased with inhibition of MEK (mitogen-activated or extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase kinase), placing miR-221/222 downstream of the RAS pathway. The miR-221/222-mediated reduction in E-cadherin abundance depended on their targeting of the 3' untranslated region (3'UTR) of TRPS1 (trichorhinophalangeal syndrome type 1), which is a member of the GATA family of transcriptional repressors. TRPS1 inhibited EMT by directly repressing expression of ZEB2 (Zinc finger E-box-binding homeobox 2). Therefore, miR-221/222 may contribute to the aggressive clinical behavior of basal-like breast cancers.

TRPS1 targeting by miR-221/222 promotes the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition in breast cancer.

The basal-like subtype of breast cancer has an aggressive clinical behavior compared to that of the luminal subtype. We identified the microRNAs (miRNAs) miR-221 and miR-222 (miR-221/222) as basal-like subtype-specific miRNAs and showed that expression of miR-221/222 decreased expression of epithelial-specific genes and increased expression of mesenchymal-specific genes, and increased cell migration and invasion in a manner characteristic of the epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT). The transcription factor FOSL1 (also known as Fra-1), which is found in basal-like breast cancers but not in the luminal subtype, stimulated the transcription of miR-221/222, and the abundance of these miRNAs decreased with inhibition of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) or MEK (mitogen-activated or extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase kinase), placing miR-221/222 downstream of the RAS pathway. Furthermore, miR-221/222-mediated reduction in E-cadherin abundance depended on their targeting the 3' untranslated region of the GATA family transcriptional repressor TRPS1 (tricho-rhino-phalangeal syndrome type 1), which inhibited EMT by decreasing ZEB2 (zinc finger E-box-binding homeobox2) expression. We conclude that by promoting EMT, miR-221/222 may contribute to the more aggressive clinical behavior of basal-like breast cancers.

Trps1 haploinsufficiency promotes renal fibrosis by increasing Arkadia expression.

mutations in TRPS1 cause tricho-rhino-pharyngeal syndrome (TRPS). Trps1 is essential for nephron development, acting downstream of Bmp7. Because Bmp7 counteracts epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and reverses chronic renal injury, we examined the function of Trps1 in renal fibrosis. Immunohistochemistry revealed Trps1 expression in proximal tubular epithelial cells of mice. Unilateral ureteral obstruction reduced mRNA and protein expression of Trps1 in wild-type and heterozygous Trps1-knockout (Trps1(+/-)) mice. Trps1 haploinsufficiency promoted tubulointerstitial fibrosis via increased phosphorylation of Smad3 and decreased Smad7 protein. In primary culture, Trps1 deficiency promoted TGF-beta1-mediated EMT in proximal tubule cells. Trps1(+/-)-derived cells had higher levels of phosphorylated Smad3, and TGF-beta1 induced a time-dependent decrease in Smad7 protein in wild-type and Trps1(+/-) kidneys. In addition, compared with wild-type cells, Trps1(+/-) cells had double the amount of the E3 ubiquitin ligase Arkadia, and TGF-beta1 induced further Arkadia expression. Furthermore, knockdown of Arkadia inhibited TGF-beta1-induced EMT in Trps1(+/-) cells. Collectively, these data suggest that Trps1 haploinsufficiency enhances TGF-beta1-induced EMT and tubulointerstitial fibrosis by modulating the amount of Smad7 through Arkadia/ubiquitin-mediated degradation.

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